Full Form of CID: – The Department of Criminal Investigations of the Judicial Investigation Agency is one of the offices and pillars of the investigation. It gives the best of themselves for the identification of the perpetrators of the criminal act, regardless of who they are and to present it to the corresponding authorities.
This department is the one with the most contact with the users and has highly qualified personnel in the criminal investigation, works under the principle of investigating first and stopping later. It has been developed in multiple research areas according to the needs of our country.
Most people associate the term police with uniformed officials who are often present in streets and squares. They provide direct contacts for citizens seeking help and assistance in tackling problems.
Full form of CID
Full form of CID is Crime Investigation Department.
What Does CID Stands For
CID stands for Crime Investigation Department.
Abbreviation for Crime Investigation Department
Abbreviation for Crime Investigation Department is CID.
Acronym for Crime Investigation Department.
Acronym for Crime Investigation Department is CID.
If these are violations of criminal law, the severity and intensity of the decision decide whether the officers of the Criminal Investigation Department are to be deployed. It’s not just about murder and manslaughter.
The criminal police have to do with all forms of crime. It investigates drug, environmental and economic crime as well as theft, arson, sexual, state protection, counterfeiting, and fraud. The focus is always on the person and his motives.
The officers of the Criminal Police are trained for their respective field of activity subject-specific and are therefore in the assigned area’s experts.
Every case, however similar in circumstances, has its own story. For civil servants, this means constantly adjusting to new situations and finding new solutions. They are repeatedly challenged in their investigative work and gather new experiences every day.
The attraction of investigative work lies in the contrast between technical work (eg the securing of evidence at the crime scene). And on the other hand the putting into the individual behaviors of the people involved.
Detective officers work independently, but not as lone fighters, but form a team with their colleagues. You can interact with people and show perseverance as well as the necessary ambition when it comes to consistently achieving a common goal. To achieve this goal, they formulate comprehensive theses, which are confirmed or rejected by further investigations.
Just like the police, it is not just about the investigation of crime. Even with the criminal police, the topic of prevention is given great importance. Its activities also include the detection of new trends or new criminal phenomena and the timely notification to the competent authorities with the aim of reducing the risk of new crimes being committed.
The Criminal Investigation Department conducts judicial investigations, initiates investigations (proactive and reactive) and takes action against criminal organizations.
Mission, vision, values , and identity
Given the priorities of the national security plan, the Criminal Police Office set itself the objectives, the extent of organized crime, socially debilitating crime. And the related or independent overarching crime which by its very nature requires the use of special investigative and search methods, limit and reduce the damage incurred.
Three strategic objectives:
- Fight crime:
- To report the occurrence of tendencies or particular phenomena to the competent authorities,
- To provide them with the possible measures and to inform them of emergency measures that have been taken in the meantime.
- Contribute to the reduction of criminals
- Identify as many perpetrators as possible by means of evidence and present them to the judicial authorities. The increasing efficiency of reactive and proactive investigations makes a decisive contribution here.
- To weaken the criminal organizations as much as possible by simultaneously and effectively tackling five priorities: the perpetrators and their connections with each other, the goods that have been deferred, the finances, the means of communication and the promotion opportunities.
- Support the investigation
The Directorate-General supports the services with their judicial expertise and with their own resources under special court orders. The local police are assisted in carrying out their basic police function on request and in the context of information gathering and investigations.
In order to enhance the effectiveness of special judicial measures, initiatives are taken to increase existing expertise and encourage the acquisition of new skills.
#2 CID Full Form
CID- Card Identification Number
What is the Card Identification Number(CID)?
You should know what a credit card identification number is, where to find it and how it is used in order to keep your accounts as secure as possible.
Almost everything in an orderly world and under computer systems is reduced to an identification number, and credit cards could not be the exception.
These numbers with which objects are identified and even people have the purpose of differentiating that element from another. And although in essence, its purpose is to identify, the way that number is composed entails other utilities, and this is perfectly demonstrable in the case of the credit card.
Full form of CID
Full form of CID is Card Identification Number.
What Does CID Stands For
CID stands for Card Identification Number.
Abbreviation for Card Identification Number
Abbreviation for Card Identification Number is CID.
Acronym for Card Identification Number.
Acronym for Card Identification Number is CID.
What is your card identification number for?
The number with which a card is identified in addition to allowing it to be identified as the property of a person possesses a series of security features. Attributable to said number, seeking to avoid that it is stolen or its owner is cheated. Hence, it is important that you understand the meaning of this number, where it is located on the card and what it is for.
First, you must understand that the numbers are not only different on each card, but also some have differences in the number of digits. For example, the number that is located on the front of the card identifies your account and comprises 16 digits.
There is another number in front but less extensive and corresponds to the expiration date. These are the numbers visible on the front of the card, but it contains other non-visible numbers. For example, the personal identification number ( PIN ), which comprises 4 digits and is used to perform banking operations at ATMs. Another intangible number on the cards is the number with which the card itself is identified, that is, the security code or verification.
On the back of a credit card, there is another number, it is close to the signature band. And it is a three-digit number, although on some cards it may contain four. This number is preceded by the last four digits of your account number.
All this numerical expression corresponds to the identification of your credit card. And you will use it when you need to perform banking operations by phone or online, especially for purchases and it will be requested by the seller.
So this number works as a kind of password that only the owner of the card knows. And thus prevents anyone knowing about other data, for example, the account number, you can use it to carry out purchases or another transaction, affecting the owner.
What does this number mean and how is it composed?
This numbering on credit cards corresponds to an international standard, ISO / IEC 7812-1: 2006, which establishes the meaning of each of these digits, so they are not random numbers.
The number can be made up of 16 or 19 digits, depending on the type of card. And the first digit, in any case, corresponds to the sector to which the issuing institution of the card belongs. For example, 4 is Visa and 5 is a Master Card.
The first seven digits, including the one that identifies the sector of the financial institution, make up the INN (Issuer Identification Number), the number with which the card is identified. And consists of a private code that combines information about the issuer of the card and the area of the geographical origin of the same.
The following remaining digits, with the exception of the last one, correspond to the information about the cardholder and each bank varies the way it assigns the codes. The last digit has the function of controlling the previous digits. Specifically, using Luhn’s algorithm to verify that the remaining numbers are correct.
What precautions should you have regarding the identification number of your card?
To confirm that this number fulfills its safety function you will need to take into account some recommendations. The main suggestion is that you do not unnecessarily disclose information about your account and your cards, especially your account number and PIN.
You must bear in mind that scammers tend to be very clever and devise various methods to extract information from their victims. So you must be careful not to give data or figures in case you call someone who claims to be the operator of your bank.
It is not common or normal for them to communicate with you, but the other way around, that you are the one who asks to communicate with your bank. In any case, take note of the name of the person who calls you and who claims to be an employee of the bank.
Another security detail is not to lose sight of your cards, understanding that they can be cloned in moments. In addition, you must destroy or store in a safe place any document that contains information about your accounts or cards.
For example, the proof of registration issued by ATMs, and that many people have the habit of throwing in the trash just finish using the ATM. That is, they leave confidential information within reach of unscrupulous people!
It is also important to write down your card numbers on a piece of paper and keep it away from where you keep them. As well as your bank’s telephone number to report incidents. Keeping this information will serve to block your cards in case you have lost it or it has been stolen. Remember not to write down your PIN number. This should only be registered in your memory.
#3 Full Form of CID – Caller Identification Number
Caller ID in incoming and outgoing calls
Caller ID is a feature for identifying the caller on telephony. The system works on traditional telephone systems, cellular phones, various application on computer and mobile. Once a call arrives, the identity is verified by an ISP (Internet Service Provider).
The phone number is displayed and, if necessary, the associated name from the contact list is displayed. Users can also whitelist or blacklist certain phone numbers or instances. You may be aware of this from e-mail systems. In this way, unwanted telephone calls do not even reach the user.
Incoming caller ID
When you receive an incoming call on your mobile phone:
- The identifier of the calling number sends the telephone number of the caller to your mobile phone.
- If the caller’s phone number is in your phone’s contact list, the caller ID will show the contact’s name.
- If there is no entry in the contact list, the caller ID will show the number of the caller.
Caller ID on outgoing calls
Outgoing calls to mobile phones
When you make an outgoing call from your mobile phone to another mobile phone:
- The identifier of the calling number sends your mobile phone number to the mobile phone that receives your call.
- If your number is in the contact list of who receives your call, the caller ID will show your contact name.
- If your number is not in the contact list of the person you are calling, the caller ID will show your mobile phone number.
Outgoing calls to landline phones
When making an outgoing call from your mobile phone to a landline phone:
- The caller ID sends your mobile phone number and the name of the caller ID to the landline that receives the call.
- The caller ID shows the name of your caller ID and/or mobile phone number.
#4 CID Full Form in Medical
CID- Clinical Infectious Disease in medical
An infectious or contagious disease can be the clinical manifestation of an infection caused by a microorganism – such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, sometimes protozoa, etc. In the case of pathogenic biological agents of macroscopic sizes, such as worms, there is no mention of infection but of infestation.
Infectious diseases show a wide range of temporal processes and symptoms. These are often specific to the pathogen. They can emerge very quickly in a few days or develop slowly over weeks, months and sometimes years.
There are localized – ie limited to specific areas of the body – and generalized infectious diseases. Some go almost unnoticed in a non-immunocompromised person (inapparent). Or express themselves only in mild, nonspecific disorders of general condition. Other diseases develop a highly dramatic clinical picture.
The body responds to these usually severe septic infectious diseases with a Systemic inflammatory response syndrome. It refers to reaction patterns that include fever, accelerated heart rate, increased respiratory rate, as well as thirst and need for rest.
Crucial to the course and prognosis of an infectious disease is the ability of the immune system to eliminate the pathogen. The medicine holds for many pathogen-related diseases specific antidotes ready ( antibiotics against bacteria, antifungals against fungi and antivirals against viruses). Against some pathogens, there is the possibility of preventive vaccination. But even today, some infectious diseases cannot be definitely cured.
When the infection or infestation is caused by protozoa, worms or arthropods. We speak of parasitic disease because these groups have traditionally been studied by parasitology.
History of CID
Externally visible injuries have been recognized and treated since the Neolithic period. In the case of internal diseases or epidemics without a recognizable cause. One sought supernatural sources and regarded them as the work of angry gods. The healing attempts, therefore, focused on incantations, prayers, and offerings.
By palaeopathology, bone changes could through the infectious disease tuberculosis (in Egyptian mummies ) and leprosy is detected (in medieval relics). On the mummy of Ramses II (13th century BC), pockmarks could be diagnosed.
Hippocrates of Kos (460-377 BC) is considered the founder of the doctrine of the miasms. The toxic exhalations of the soil, which should carry away with the air and thus contribute to the spread of diseases. Together with the mias theory, the knowledge of contagiousness grew. The transmission of an inanimate substance from a sick to a healthy person should bring the disease to the outbreak.
The idea of living pathogens first appeared in the 1st century BC. On. Marcus Terentius Varro (born 116 BC) thought that the air of the swamps was perishable because it was impregnated with tiny animals that penetrate the nose, the whole body. Only by the invention of the microscope was direct proof.
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) found that the pupae of the fleas are attacked by tiny mites. The Jesuit Athanasius Kircher(1601-1680) published the discovery of masses of tiny worms that he had found. In the air, in the water, in the soil, in milk, cheese, foul parts of plants and in the blood and in the pus plague.
However, the importance of microorganisms as causative agents was still hidden. This role was first recognized in the 19th century in a food disease caused by the Bacterium prodigious.
Towards the end of the 18th century, the dispute between the two medical schools was in a boom phase. On the one hand were the contagionists, who believed that diseases could be spread by small living agents.
On the other hand, the followers of miasmatology, who continued to regard pollutants or poisons that emerged from the soil as the cause of epidemics. Through the research of Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur, the Contagionists were able to end this dispute by confirming their assumptions. Pasteur discovered the bacteriological causes of fermentation and putrefaction. In addition, he could prove experimentally that there is no spontaneous generation.
In industrialized countries, infectious diseases have become increasingly important. The main reason for this is a change in health awareness, hygiene, serial vaccinations and a repertoire of potent antidotes. But the world they represent still the most common cause of death.
While smallpox could be eradicated in the ’70s and the elimination of polio is expected in the next few years. Infectious diseases such as AIDS and tuberculosis around the world continue on the rise.
Transmissible (or contagious) infectious diseases can be spread directly from the infected individual. Through their secretions, their skin or mucous membranes or, indirectly, from air pollution, an inanimate object or a portion of food by the infected person as often happens with the flu.
In noncommunicable infectious diseases, the microorganism is not transmitted from one individual to another. But requires special circumstances, whether environmental, accidental or otherwise, for its transmission.
In these cases in which infected people do not transmit the disease, microorganisms need intermediary vector species (such as the mosquito that causes malaria ). Or transfer of body fluids (such as blood from transfusions, syringes for shared use or contact sexual) to cause the infection.
The borderline between transmissible and non-communicable diseases is not perfectly drawn, as illustrated by the classical case of tuberculosis. It is clearly transmissible from person to person but is not generally considered a contagious disease. Currently most sexually transmitted diseases are considered contagious but only some of them require medical isolation.
In general, epidemics are only caused by communicable diseases, but occasional exceptions also occur, such as the Black Death. This is because epidemics can also be considered in terms of the proportion of people infected with a communicable disease.
Due to the nature of noncommunicable communicable diseases, such as yellow fever or filariasis, its spread is little affected by non-medical isolation (of sick people) or quarantine (of exposed persons). Therefore, a contagious disease is sometimes defined in practical terms in case isolation or quarantine is used as a public health response.
General characteristics of infectious diseases
These diseases are characterized by the appearance of different symptoms among which may be mentioned fever, malaise, and decay. Every infectious disease goes through three stages:
- Incubation period. The time between the entry of the agent and the appearance of the first symptoms. Here the pathogen can multiply and spread through the attack areas. The duration of this stage depends on the disease.
- Development period. Characteristic symptoms appear.
- The disease is overcome and the body recovers
Typical symptoms of an infectious disease are inflammations, such as redness, swelling, possibly with itching or pain and local or general warming ( fever). There are also organ-specific defenses or dysfunctions. Common are respiratory infections with cough, hoarseness ( laryngitis ), runny nose, difficulty swallowing with tonsillitis, pneumonia possibly sputum.
The second most common are intestinal infections with diarrhea, possibly cramping and pain, they can affect the liver and cause jaundice. Other examples would be infections of the skin or urinary tract. Also, tooth decay is an infectious disease.
The symptoms of infectious disease, therefore, depend on the one hand with the harmful effects of the pathogen. On the other hand, but also with the reaction of the immune system.
Accordingly, infections in people with weak immune systems are often dangerously inconspicuous. And difficult to diagnose, because fever, malaise and inflammatory parameters in the blood are missing.
Typical emergencies are meningitis, severe sepsis, kidney pelvic inflammation in infants. Creeping, but also dangerous is a heart valve inflammation or a heart muscle inflammation . Especially with a weakened immune system (immunosuppression, AIDS, age), pneumonia or any other infection can be life-threatening.
Prevention and Therapy
Hygiene and vaccines have contributed significantly to the reduction of infectious diseases. In the medical field, routine disinfection of the hands and use of sterile material is foreseen.
On the other hand, today one notes the resilience of the organism and its immune system. The susceptibility to infection can be reduced by a healthy diet, sufficient sleep, regular exercise, timely medical treatment and prevention of stress.
The outpatient and clinical care of patients with infectious diseases takes place in medical infectiology. For infections with highly infectious agents, patients are treated in special isolation wards.
If necessary and possible, infectious diseases are combatted with antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals or antihelminthics. Heavy infectious areas sometimes need to be surgically restored. In evidence-based medicine, the effect of herbal remedies is considered limited and not sufficient for serious disease progression.