Full form of CV: – CV is a summary of yourself. The CV stands for Curriculum Vitae which is a document containing information on skills, work experience, education.
And other relevant information, usually required when considering a person’s candidature for employment. Curriculum vitae is an orderly relationship of academic, training and professional data of a person.
Full Form of CV – What Does CV Stands For – Abbreviation – Acronym
Full Form of CV
Full form of CV is Curriculum Vitae.
What Does CV Stands For
CV stands for Curriculum Vitae.
Short Form of Curriculum Vitae
Short Form of Curriculum Vitae is CV.
Abbreviation For Curriculum Vitae
Abbreviation For Curriculum Vitae is CV.
Acronym For Curriculum Vitae
Acronym For Curriculum Vitae is CV.
The curriculum is written in order to respond to a job offer but it can also be spontaneous. That is to say, it is written without the existence of an offer and it is distributed among different companies to apply for a job. Together with the cover letter, it is the document intended to present in a single place all the information that may be relevant in a personnel selection process or in an interview.
The term is usually applied in the job search. In these cases, the applicant for a job, scholarship or similar must present a document with everything he has done to date, as a summary of his merits. There are different ways to present it, but usually include personal data, academic training, work experience, publications. And other information of interest such as languages, skills or competencies, always related to the position to be chosen.
According to the panhispanico Dictionary, it is a phrase derived from Latin whose literal translation is a career of life. And which, in its masculine nominal form, designates the relation of personal data, academic formation, work activity and merits of a person. It is an invariable plural phrase. Nor is there a feminine noun, so the use of curricula is not accepted. According to the new Spelling (2010), Latin locutions should be written, according to their character of foreign expressions, in italics (or in quotation marks). And without graphic accents, since these do not exist in the Latin script. This new change suppressed the previous recommendation (1999), which allowed to accentuate the foreign voices graphically which gave rise to the script currículum vítae.
When reference is made to the set of subjects or subjects that comprise a career or study, the word curriculum is preferred. However, the curriculum can also be used as an alternative curriculum vitae. Both forms are accepted, but it is preferable to use curriculum vitae so as not to confuse them.
Curriculum vitae can be abbreviated to CV or replaced by résumé, that is, summary or its equivalent in each language. There it is usually reserved the expression curriculum vitae or simply vita for the neat academic curricula.
The type of curriculum vitae depends on the way it is organized and the format in which it is presented, either on paper or in any other way. There are several standardized models, established by official institutions. In 2004, the European Union established the Europass, a common model to ensure the transparency of qualifications and skills. Although only recommended in official bodies due to its length.
Depending on the way we organize the information, the curriculum vitae can be of these types:
- Chronological curriculum vitae. In this, the data is sorted according to what happened in time. The order can be: Natural, exposing first the oldest data and in the end the most modern ones. Inverse, that is to say, beginning to sort the data for the most recent ones and finish with the oldest ones.
- Curriculum Vitae functional. Here the topics are grouped by content blocks. Data is organized by thematic blocks. It is the most recommended if the experience is very dispersed or we have not worked for a while.
- By projects: This curriculum highlights the projects of the applicant and the competencies that he has acquired, as long as they are related to the job offer.
- Mixed: It is the combination of the functional and chronological curriculum. It is the most recommended and one of the most used since it is more orderly and simple to look at.
- Creative: This type of curriculum has also been used a lot in the last year. Make a difference especially if you apply in a sector such as design, editing. And this type of creative professions thus giving a small preview of what you are capable of doing.
Structure and content
In some cases, you can talk about the combined or mixed curriculum, in which different structures are combined to highlight the most positive aspects. This model is the most difficult to assemble. Even so, it can be useful for people who have been working in a career for a long time and have achieved several objectives.
Since attention is sought, at first sight, it is recommended to adapt it to each job. The text must be clear, brief and precise, without exaggerations or falsehoods. Nor should spelling errors be made. Photography is optional and depends on each employer: although some ask for it to know the applicant better or for positions facing the public. Others reject it to avoid being influenced by issues unrelated to the merits of work. Normally include:
- Personal data
- Name and surnames
- Place and date of birth
- Marital status
- Street, no, floor
- Postal code – City
- Contact number
- Mobile phone
- Academic background: List of studies completed, indicating dates, center, and place where they have been carried out.
- Complementary training: Orderly relationship of non-regulated education courses, indicating dates, center, and place where they have been carried out.
- Professional experience: Orderly relationship of the companies where you have worked, indicating the names of the companies. The start and end dates of the period worked, the functions performed, the tasks that were carried out and the achievements made. This section should also include training in work centers (internships in vocational training companies).
- Computer: We must point out those computer skills that are possessed and are related to the work to be chosen. Text processors, spreadsheets, databases, graphic design, Internet, networks, operating systems, etc.
- Knowledge of languages: The languages that are known and their level of knowledge and understanding will be mentioned. The level of the spoken and written language must be clearly indicated, both as a sender and receiver. If you have official and/or recognized degrees, you must indicate them.
- Other data of interest: Any other information that is relevant and useful for the position or that helps us define our profile will be indicated. Driving license, own vehicle possession, time or geographical availability, hobbies, interests, etc.
Formal aspects. To take into account
When writing a Curriculum Vitae it is necessary to take care of some aspects such as:
- Do not lie because if you are chosen you will have to go through an interview where they will ask you about what is included in the curriculum.
- Make a curriculum vitae for specific offers, not make a standard one that works for all types of offers.
- Only include photography when expressly requested in the offer, in this case, to be original and as recent as possible.
- Use the same paper format and the same quality as for the cover letter for the curriculum vitae.
- The curriculum vitae should be written on DIN A4 paper.
- It should not occupy more than one page.
- It must be ordered.
- It must be precise in dates and data.
- The curriculum vitae has to be updated
- You have to take care of the writing and monitor spelling mistakes.
- The date of writing must be included.
- You do not have to sign it.
In most countries, the size of the curriculum does not exceed one page. Some include a letter of motivation or presentation, in which they explain the reasons why they have applied for the position. And believe that they fit better, and/or a letter of recommendation, by which another person (generally, a previous employer) gives references to the applicant and defends his worth.
The popularization of the internet has led to the use of professional social networks (LinkedIn, Xing ), networks or employment portals. And other more creative formats with multimedia content such as personal websites or video-curricula that complement and reinforce the search for employment.
Tips to write a perfect CV
Whether in an online or written version, it is important that you adapt these elements to your own experience and knowledge. The point is to build a valuable document and increase your chances of finding a job.
- Title: Introduce yourself as a professional in a few words. Tell the recruiter who you are what you know how to do.
- Personal information: Full name, home or cell phone (a number they can easily find you in) and email account are basic. Create an exclusive email account for your work matters. One composed by your first and last name is thousand more professionals than one that includes your nickname.
- Objective: This part of your CV is intended to show what your future work expectations are. In what areas you want to develop and what activities you would like to perform. At this point, the recruiter will seek to know if your goals are compatible with the company and the vacancy. A good tip is that you take into account the needs of the company to write your goal.
- Professional experience: One of the key points that attract the recruiter. When reading it, it will be clear to you if you have the knowledge and skills necessary to perform in the position. Start with your most recent experience (last job). Remember that your experience should contain the name of the company since you played, a brief description of your activities and your achievements! Including achievements will convince the recruiter of your talent. It will show that you are outstanding and not just an average candidate.
- Academic preparation: Academic training is one of the first criteria that recruiters use for their process. To finish a degree, do a master’s degree, take a diploma or take a course will be aspects that will add the value. And the weight that your curriculum needs to stand out from others. Experts recommend including your last grade in this section. It is not necessary to put the school where you studied kindergarten or high school. If you have university studies truncated it is important that the mentions, even if you do not have a degree or certificate. Include how many semesters, quarters or years you have completed. The same applies to other academic degrees.
- Languages: The mastery of a language can make the difference between getting or not getting a job, it also impacts the salary. Indicate the languages you know and the domain percentage globally or by skills. If you prefer, replace the percentages with graphic indicators.
- Skills: Integrates the acquired knowledge that will allow you to carry out the work. The competencies that distinguish you, the package (software) that you master and the qualities that complete your profile to make you a potential candidate. So that you have a clearer idea of how to structure your curriculum.
Remember that the ideal curriculum is one that adapts to the needs of each person. So you must evaluate at a personal level the aspects that you want to highlight in order to be functional.
Errors that you should avoid when doing a curriculum vitae
- That the title is Curriculum Vitae: if you want your curriculum to stand out from the others, it is preferable to put another more striking title.
- Inappropriate email address: create a simple and professional email.
- Spelling mistakes: it is one of the worst mistakes you can make. Make sure you write everything perfectly.
- Make a CV for everything: Most people use the same curriculum for all job offers. You must customize your CV for each position.
- Very extensive: that your curriculum vitae has 4 pages does not mean that it is better. Add only the most important information.
- Use a difficult language to read: avoid using many abbreviations, neologisms, technicalities, among others. In addition, you must use a neutral language.
- Include details that have to do with the post: It is not wrong to write your hobbies but if they do not contribute anything, it is better not to put them.
- Too creative: if you are a creative person it is not bad to show it on your CV. But you should avoid overloading it using different fonts, colors and so on.
- Inconsistency: before submitting the curriculum, review the dates exhaustively verifying that it is ok with your work history. A curriculum with inconsistencies raises many suspicions, which may cause you to be discarded in the selection process.
- Do not highlight your achievements: you must include your achievements, but without being too arrogant.
- Incorrect data: check that your numbers and email address are well written. Even if you are a good candidate for the position if you put your contact information wrong, you are lost.
- Very modest: if you have good things to show on your CV put them without cutting you.
- Boring format: you must not be very creative, but neither is anything creative. Find a format that draws attention and has creative details that suit you, showing a part of your personality.
- Unclear objective: you must clarify what your objectives are focusing on the needs of the company.
- Different versions: use only one version of CV, and that this is the most attractive and the one that best goes with your personality.
How to send your curriculum vitae?
If you send it by postal mail, do not use window envelopes or labels. Enter the shipping address by hand in the envelope.
Nowadays, there is a growing tendency to send the curriculum vitae by email. It is more convenient, faster and cheaper, both for the candidate and for the company.
It is best to insert the curriculum vitae as an attached document in .doc format. A document attached to an email is very easy to archive on your hard drive. On the other hand, if the text of the curriculum is attached to the body of the email, it will give more problems. In addition, the presentation will lose much of its appeal: you can not use different types of letters, colors. The body of the email must be reserved for a brief presentation of oneself.
In the subject of the email, you have to mention that it is a curriculum vitae. If you answer to a specific offer, enter the reference or the title of the position that is announced.
And now that?
If they call you to hold a personal interview it is because your CV is interesting for the position. The company wants to contrast and complete the data of your CV that is already suitable for that job. And if they do not contact you, does it mean you should lose all hope? In most of the cases, no. Normally, Human Resources departments insert your resume in a database that they can use in the future. Tomorrow you can open a position for which you fit perfectly.
What to do when you have a job gap in the CV?
An employment gap is a period of time in the curriculum vitae, where it seems that you have not been working. Recruiters do not like to see vacuums in the curriculum, they wake up alarms. They may think that there is something the candidate is trying to hide. In many cases, these résumés are discarded, without even calling the candidate for a first interview, in which he could explain those gaps in the CV.
That is why it is important to eliminate the gaps in the CV so as not to raise any doubt about your CV. And have the opportunity to move on to the next phase of the selection process.
Reasons for a job gap
There are a lot of reasons why there may be a gap in the curriculum. These are the most common:
- Search for a job: The most common gap is because they were looking for work after a layoff in the previous company. As the labor market is more competitive than ever, it can take months to find a new job. The personnel selector will understand. But if it takes months to find a new job, you’ll have plenty of free time available. The time that you can use intelligently and effectively, not only for job search. But also for your own personal and professional development. Nobody looks for work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Explain briefly in the CV what you have done in that period of time while you were looking for a job. Put the courses you have done, the subjects in which you have been trained if you have been learning and developing skills in a self-taught way.
- Child or family care: Asking for a leave of absence from current work for child care or a family member is a right and something that the staff coach will understand. Do not leave the hole in the curriculum, explain it.
- Other reasons: If you have been working without time because you have been studying, put the studies you have done. If you have taken time to travel or have had other reasons not to work during a season. Think about the experiences you have lived and what you have learned along the way. Each experience we experience leads us to learn something new about the world, people and ourselves. These learnings are often transferable to the professional world. Think about how you can use these gaps in the curriculum to develop your career and improve your chances of getting an interview.
Where to explain the gaps in the CV?
Using a chronological resume template (in which you list your experience in chronological order). The ideal will be to specify these details in the experience, in the appropriate temporal order.
If you have many gaps in your CV, you may be more interested in using the functional curriculum model. In it, the dates stand out less than in the chronological.
Explain the gaps, do not let the recruiter judge them on their own, because you do not know what they will think. Your résumé will win a lot if you briefly explain those gaps and you will have a much better chance of being called to an interview.
Curriculum Vitae is the introduction of yourself to the market of job. If you want to sell your talent and earn a decent income, CV plays a very important role. So make your CV attractive and make it carefully.