Full Forms of IPL :- full forms of IPL include the following
#1 Full Form Of IPL = Indian Premier League
The Indian Premier League is often abbreviated to IPL. It is a highly lucrative Twenty 20 cricket league held every year featuring a number of Indian teams. Twenty 20 cricket is a short form of cricket developed in 2003 in the UK by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB).
It consists of two innings, each having 20 overs of play with a 10 minutes innings break between the innings. Each inning usually lasts around 90 minutes making the effective length of the whole game to be around three and a half hours which is much shorter than the One Day form of cricket. This short nature of the games has rocketed the popularity of Twenty20 cricket in the years since its arrival.
Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) founded the IPL in 2008 in response to the establishment of a similar league called the Indian Cricket League (ICL) in 2007.
ICL was neither recognized by the BCCI nor by the ICC (International Cricket Council) and BCCI even imposed life bans on players involved in the ICL as it was seen as an opposing board to BCCI. BCCI on 13thSeptember 2007 announced the launch of IPL from April 2008. Cities that the teams would be based on were Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Mohali, Jaipur, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai.
Initially, in 2008, there were 8 teams from the base cities: Delhi Daredevils (now known as Delhi Capitals), Royal Challengers Bangalore, Chennai Super Kings, Kings XI Punjab, Rajasthan Royals, Deccan Chargers, Kolkata Knight Riders and Mumbai Indians.
In addition to these teams on 21 March 2010, two new teams: Pune Warriors India and Kochi Tuskers Kerala were added to the league for the fourth season. However, both teams wouldn’t last long in the league. In 2011 Kochi Tuskers Kerala were terminated as they were found guilty of breaching BCCI’s terms and conditions. In 2013 Pune Warriors India withdrew from the league over financial problems.
2009 champions, Deccan Chargers were also terminated in 2012 as the team couldn’t find new owners. An auction was then held to find new owners for the replacement franchise with Sun TV Network winning the bid and eventually forming the team Sunrisers Hyderabad.
In 2015 Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals were handed a suspension for two years following their role in match-fixing and betting scandal. Pune and Rajkot were the cities to replace Chennai and Jaipur with the replacement teams being Rising Pune Supergiant and Gujarat Lions.
2013 Match-fixing Scandal
Indian cricket landscape was shocked to its core in 2013 when reports emerged that three cricketers Ankit Chavan, SN Sreesanth, and AjitChandila were arrested for spot-fixing matches. All of the three players played for Rajasthan Royals.
Chennai Super Kings were also rocked by a separate scandal concerning the arrest of members of its team management for having ties with bookies. BCCI handed bans on the three players for their involvement in the case but the life ban was lifted on Sreesanth by the Supreme Court on March 2019.
In July 2015, a committee (Lodha Committee)formed for the investigation of the scandal, suspended the owners of Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings for their involvement in the scandal. The suspension was for 2 years.
It is because of this suspension, two new (and temporary) teams had to be featured in the absence of the aforementioned suspended teams.
Six teams have managed to get their hands on the trophy out of the 13 teams that have taken part in the league throughout its history. Mumbai Indians ( 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019) have won the most times with 4, Chennai Super Kings ( 2010, 2011, 2018 ) have won it 3 times.
Kolkata Knight Riders ( 2012, 2014 ) have won it 2 times, and Deccan Chargers (2009), Sunrisers Hyderabad (2016) and Rajasthan Royals (2008) have won the league once. In addition to winning three times, Chennai Super Kings have been runners-up five times (2008, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2019), most for any team.
Why is IPL so popular?
The popularity of the IPL is something amazing. When one sees the 30000+ capacity stadiums completely filled with absolutely enthralled fans, one can’t help but wonder what is the reason behind it. What is the reason that prompted other countries to create a similar league of their own to get into the growing frenzy of T20 cricket? What is the reason behind the staggering $5bn+ valuation of the IPL brand? Here are the answers.
The first reason, one might say, is the very format of cricket the tournament is played in i.e. T20 cricket. T20 cricket has given a rocket boost to the popularity of cricket as a sport since its inception. The quick nature of the games is perfect for prime time viewing of the games. The games don’t last more than 3 or four hours which means it is easier for the viewers to follow the game.
The way the tournament is played too has a lot to do with its popularity. The teams competing in the league first face-off in home and away basis with every other team in the league for the league stage of the tournament.
Then, the top four teams progress into the play-offs. The two top teams, play each other first in the first qualifier with the winner progressing into the final. The third and fourth teams play in the first eliminator with the winner progressing onto the second eliminator to play the losing team from the first qualifier. These two teams then play for a spot in the final.
So, there is a huge advantage of finishing in the top two spots in the league stage as the team doing so get another shot at making the final even if they lose in their first attempt. This style of the tournament has made for very competitive and exciting games which is exactly what the viewers look for.
Another huge factor for the IPL’s increasing popularity is the nature of the games themselves. The games are a lot more exciting featuring huge scores put up and huge scores chased down, making for close and captivating game.
Sixes galore in the recent editions has pulled fans from all around the globe to watch the tournament. High scoring rates featuring many boundaries comes from the fearless attitude of the batsmen to hit the ball up in the air. The audacious nature of play has been very popular among the fans and is a prime reason for the IPL’s popularity.
The broadcasters are also to thank for the popularity of the IPL. The pre-game shows, scores and analysis and the huge coverage of the games including in-game interviews have brought the viewers closer to the action. The cheer-leaders dancing with every boundary and every wicket have also added a certain entertaining element to the games.
The timing of games is also very convenient for the viewers. Primetime cricket has paid dividends to the broadcasters and to the franchises alike. In addition to these things, the broadcasters run quiz campaigns and award the winners of the questions each day with a souvenir like a signed match ball. Awards and programs like this have helped attract more viewers to the game and hence more revenue too.
World-class cricketers feature in the league which isn’t surprising given the huge amounts of money they can earn from the games. Big names attract big crowds. Big cricket stars are another reason for the jam-packed stadiums. People get to see their favorite stars from around the world in action.
Influence Of IPL
IPL has influenced the scene of cricket around the world. The rise of many T20 leagues in almost all permanent members of the ICC is largely due to the resounding success that IPL has had in India. The Big Bash League in Australia, T20 Blast in England, Pakistan Super League in Pakistan, Bangladesh Premier League in Bangladesh.
Caribbean Premier League in the West Indies, Ram Slam T20 in South Africa, Super Smash in New Zealand, Global T20 in Canada ( which is featuring two players from Nepal in the 2019 edition: Sandeep Lamichhane and Sompal Kami ), and some others, all of these have been inspired by the grand nature of the IPL.
Even in Nepal, there have been leagues of similar nature like Everest Premier League, Dhangadi Premier League and some local leagues. These tournaments in Nepal have enjoyed moderate to big success thanks to the love for T20 cricket brought about by the IPL. IPL is very popular in Nepal too; it goes without saying.
Big brands are often seen organizing “predict and win” campaignson IPL matches to attract more consumers to their brand. The number of people watching and enjoying cricket in Nepal is on the rise primarily due to the success Nepal’s national team has had over the years but IPL has served the purpose of filling in the ‘cricket-gap’ for the viewers when the national team is not playing.
Influence on other forms of cricket:
Other forms of cricket, One Day cricket in particular, have been highly influenced by IPL and T20 cricket in general. Totals that might have been untouchable a decade ago, now are regularly posted and chased. IPL has changed the way players play the game of cricket and also the way the viewers watch cricket.
Test cricket, the longest form of cricket lasting 5 days, has lost popularity in recent years and a lot of it is blamed on T20 cricket. The slow, building nature of Test innings is not a match for the energy-filled pyrotechnics of T20 cricket but it is an art of its own. The art, that is diminishing year by year.
The changes are pretty evident on players too. Many players have made themselves unavailable for selection to play test cricket instead opting for T20 leagues around the world as it is more fruitful economically. Countries like South Africa have seen many players retire from international cricket prematurely to chase the money provided by T20 leagues around the world.
But despite these influences, there is no doubt that IPL has helped cricket grow exponentially. The growth might be in the newer format but the fact remains that the game of cricket has never had as many viewers as it does today and a large part of that is due to the advent of T20 cricket and IPL.
#2 Full Form Of IPL = Initial Program Load
Initial Program Load refers to the process of first loading of the operating system on the computer when the computer is turned on. The booting of the computer that we all do on a daily basis is the initial program loading of the computer.
During this process of loading the components and programs of the operating system are loaded on the computer’s memory and only then the software of the computer can start to function.
#3 Full Form Of IPL= Intellectual Property Law
Intellectual Property refers to the immaterial possession or things that a person can lay claim to but don’t have a physical presence such as ideas and thoughts. Intellectual Property law looks over such things and sets the rules regarding intellectual property. It is often also called IP law. The most common issues that IP law covers is the issues of copyrights, patents of technology, etc.
The new constitution of Nepal has taken a huge leap in intellectual property protection by including ‘Intellectual property’ as one of the fundamental rights. This means people’s intellectual possessions are now at equal grounds of law as other basic things.
#4 Full Form Of IPL = Internet Public Library
Internet Public Library was a free to use website that students could visit and look for information they sought, ask for references, etc. It was student-run and made for students too. It first started on 17th March 1995 at the University of Michigan, started by the university students but later moved to Drexel University. Drexel University ran the website until 2015. But on June 30, 2015, it was stopped.